ŠKODA’s range of cars feature an array of technologies that make life easier, safer and more enjoyable for owners and passengers. As a brand, ŠKODA believes that premium technology is no longer the preserve of the premium sector of the market. That’s why our cars are brimming with state-of-the-art safety systems, some of the most advanced and intuitive infotainment systems in the business, and a host of labour-saving touches that make life of the road as hassle-free as possible.
But with technology comes a sea of acronyms and jargon that even the most tech-savvy of observers can struggle with. So we’ve compiled the ultimate ŠKODA technical A-Z to help demystify the systems we offer.
If you’re still struggling and can’t find the answer in this section, just call one of the press office team and we’ll explain all. You can find their contact details [HERE]
The Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) prevents the wheels from locking during heavy or emergency braking, enabling the vehicle to remain steerable. When braking, wheel speed sensors measure the road wheel speed and should one or more wheels start to lock the system reduces brake pressure to that wheel.
Diesel engines with SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) technology require AdBlue® which must be kept topped up and may require refilling between services. AdBlue® is a non-toxic, non-flammable, biodegradable urea and water-based liquid additive that processes the gases in a car exhaust system to remove harmful oxides of Nitrogen (NOx).
An element of the ESC stability control system, this records and assesses all available data about a journey to optimise the ESC system’s reactions, which can thus be adapted to any driving style and the current vehicle payload.
The Adaptive Frontlight System allows the light beam to adapt to the car's speed and direction and the weather conditions. Urban driving emits a shorter, wider beam and faster driving emits a longer beam. A cornering function sees the beam turn up to 15 degrees in the direction of the steering wheel's turn. The beam also adjusts according to car load, acceleration and wet weather to prevent dazzling oncoming vehicles.
Anti-Slip Regulation (ASR) traction control ensures the car's stability when pulling away or accelerating. If the engine power or torque being transmitted to the driven wheels is too great, for example, on a slippery road surface, engine torque is automatically reduced until optimum road holding returns, thus preventing wheel spin. A light indicates whether the ASR system is on. It can be manually switched off.
Bi-Xenon lights produce about 2.5 times the light of standard halogen lights and consume 35% less energy. Bi-Xenon lights are gradually being replaced by LED headlights that use even less energy.
An electronic data bus which links the various electronic control systems in the car. It ensures ideal co-ordination between systems and reduces the amount of wiring needed in the car.
Cornering Brake Control is a constituent part of the ESC system and regulates the pressure individually in each wheel brake cylinder so that the car can brake optimally during a turn.
All diesel engines are built on a system of Common Rail (CR) fuel injection. The diesel engines have a high-pressure CR direct injection fuel system and four valve technology.
The Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) is the part of the exhaust system responsible for cleaning the engine exhaust gases before they enter the atmosphere. The DPF catches soot particles emitted in the exhaust gas and works in conjunction with the catalytic converter which reduces the amount of harmful gases entering the atmosphere. The DPF must periodically be emptied of the soot particles, a process known as regeneration. This involves elevated exhaust system temperatures. A particular driving style is required during regeneration, where a constant vehicle speed above 37 mph must be maintained. This does not always suit customers who make frequent short journeys or experience stop/start driving or drive in inner-city or urban areas.
Driver Steering Recommendation (DSR) – in a crisis situation it helps the driver stabilise a skid by making a slight intervention in the steering.
Dual Rate Vacuum Brake Boosters
An element of the ABS system, these increase brake effort under emergency braking conditions.
EBC (Electronic Brake Control)
The engine brake torque control regulates the power supply by intervening with the engine management system.
EBD / EBV (Electronic Brake Distribution)
Automatically distributes different pressures to the front and rear brakes to stop the rear wheels from locking up under heavy braking. It also compensates for loaded and unloaded vehicles.
EDL / EDS
The Electronic Differential Lock (EDL) continually compares the revolutions of the driven wheels, and if it identifies a difference between them which could lead to an individual wheel spinning, for example, if the two wheels are on different types of surface or accelerating on wet leaves, the system brakes the wheel affected until uniform revolutions of all driven wheels is restored.
EGR (exhaust gas recirculation)
EGR is a critical technology used to reduce the levels of NOx emitted by the engine. It involves recirculating exhaust gas back into the engine combustion chamber. This reduces the amount of oxygen, and lowers combustion temperature. Less oxygen and a lower combustion temperature reduces the amount of NOx formed.
Electronic Stability Brake System (ESBS) – targeted interventions in the braking process improve the handling of a car as it brakes when passing round a bend and keeps it from veering.
Electronic Stability Control (ESC) is designed to stabilise the dynamic handling response of the vehicle by counteracting any tendency towards oversteer or understeer. The ESC constantly compares the actual movement of the vehicle with predetermined values and, adjusting to the situation, reacts by braking each wheel individually (according to direction of slip) and automatically adjusting the engine’s output.
Should one or more of the airbags inflate after an accident, this system automatically cuts out the fuel supply, thus preventing subsequent leakage of the fuel.
Euro 6 is the sixth air quality emissions standard for new vehicles sold in Europe. The European Commission has enforced Euro standards since 1993. Each successive standard has been tougher in its requirements, ensuring that every new generation of vehicle uses the latest, cleanest engine and exhaust technology available.
Hydraulic Brake Assistant (HBA) increases the optimal build-up of brake power. It ensures complete use of the brake system potential, thus shortening the braking distance.
Hill Hold Control (HHC) allows for a safe hill start by holding the brake for a small amount of time, reducing the risk of roll back.
The Modular Electrification Toolkit (MEB) is a modular system for manufacturing electric vehicles and is currently being developed by Volkswagen. The MEB follows the same principles as MQB and will form the basis of a number of Volkswagen Group electric vehicles – including ŠKODA’s first all-electric car. A central element of the MEB is the high-voltage drive battery. Its design and placement plays a key role. On first glance, it looks like a stylized bar of chocolate, flat, comprised of submodules. The components installed in the vehicle floor free up an unexpected amount of space in the interior.
Modularer Infotainment Baukasten (MIB) - a German abbreviation roughly translating as Modular Infotainment Kit. Now in its second generation this forms the basis of many ŠKODA infotainment systems and includes a vast number of advanced features and capacitive touchscreen technology.
MKB - Multi Collision Brake
Multi Collision Brake is a system that applies the brakes to prevent or mitigate a subsequent impact when a vehicle has been involved in a collision. If the airbag is fired in response to a primary collision, information is sent to the electronic stability control system to brake the vehicle
Modularer Querbaukasten (MQB) - a German abbreviation roughly translating as Modular Transversal Toolkit. One of the prominent characteristics of the MQB is the uniform mounting position of all engines. Two systems integrated in the MQB strategy which play a key role here are the modular petrol (MOB) and diesel (MDB) engine systems.
By introducing these engine series, the number of engine and gearbox variants offered by the Group has been reduced by around 90%, without restricting choice. In addition to standardising conventional internal combustion engines, the MQB also enables an identical mounting position for all current alternative drive concepts without limitations – from natural gas and hybrid versions to pure electric drive.
MSR is an engine torque control system that recognises when the wheels are subject to too much slippage and regulates the power supply by intervening in the engine management system. This prevents wheel spin when, for example, changing down on a smooth or wet road surface. MSR is a constituent part of the ASR system.
NEDC (New European Driving Cycle)
The NEDC is the EU’s official test of new cars’ air quality and CO2 emissions, and it has been in place since 1996. It is a laboratory test, which operates in strictly controlled conditions and is monitored by a government-appointed approval agency. In the UK, this is the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA).
Particulate matter (PM)
Particulate matter, commonly known as soot, is a waste material of combustion.
The function shortens the brake effect delay while driving in rain. It is achieved by short-term mild contacts between the brake pads and brake discs, while the driver senses no vehicle deceleration. Resultantly, the brake discs get dry, full brake effect becomes available, and the vehicle braking distance may be shortened.
Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is a highly effective emissions reducing technology used in modern diesel vehicles. This specialist catalytic converter injects a urea based additive, or diesel exhaust fluid that’s often called AdBlue, into the exhaust to convert NOx into harmless nitrogen and water.
The Tyre Pressure Monitor (TPM) draws the driver’s attention to any pressure loss in any of the tyres. Early warning can prevent damage from occurring as a result of an under-inflated tyre or a defect that radically changes the car's behaviour and driveability.
The trip computer not only features an impressive range of data displays, but operating it is simplicity itself. A multifunction touch key enables you to call up all relevant data on the easy-to-read display. Features include external temperature, time, current fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, miles driven and average speed.
Type Approval is the official EU process new cars must pass before they can be certified for sale. It applies to many systems - emissions and safety. Cars must pass the relevant regulated tests before they are allowed to be put on the market. The VCA is the government-appointed Type Approval authority in the UK.
WLTP (Worldwide harmonised Light vehicles Test Procedure)
WLTP is a new lab-based test cycle. It is much more representative of on-road driving, with a wider range of temperatures and speeds.
XDS provides neutral balance in dynamic driving when accelerating through corners. By applying a slight braking pressure on the inner wheel, torque is increased on the outer wheel. This prevents wheel spinning and reduces any tendency to understeer, allowing the driver to experience a more agile, precise and calming driving experience with better traction out of bends.